Electrical Considerations When Traveling
As you plan for your international trip, you need to consider the electrical service which may be quite different than that used in the United States.
Unlike North America, most of the world's electrical service is 220-240 volts at 50Hz. In the US, electricity is usually delivered at 120 volts and 60Hz. Also, you'll also find that the outlets may look quite different from what you see in your own home. So when you look at electrical considerations for your trip, you need to think about both voltage and plug configuration.
The electricity that is delivered into your home - or hotel room, for that matter - is called Mains Electricity. The two basic elements of this electrical power are the voltage and the frequency. Most of the world's mains electricity is 230 Volts at a frequency of 50 Hz (Hertz). Of course, in the United States, we have to be different. Our power is usually 120 Volts at 60 Hz.
The problem is that I can't take a device that is designed to work at 120 Volts / 60 Hz and plug it into a socket delivering 230Volts / 50 HZ. Believe me, bad things will happen. To use a 120 Volt device in a 230 Volt world, I would need to have a power converter that will alter the power before it gets to the device.
The other consideration is the plug configuration. International standards define the general requirements for a plug but do not specify any plug or socket configuration - that's up to each country. As you travel the world, you'll find plugs and sockets in a wide variety of styles.
So, what do you need? Before we continue, you have to consider what you are taking and to what country. Devices that uses electricity are divided into two groups; electrical and electronic devices.
These are devices that have heating elements or mechanical motors, the most common being;
- Hair Dryer
- Electric shaver or toothbrush
- Coffee Maker or water heater
For these products, check if they are single or dual voltage. You can find some that will have a voltage switch on them. But, they should also be able to handle 50 Hz or 60 Hz. You can find hair dryers that are dual voltage but only work at 60 Hz.
My recommendation is to leave any electrical devices at home. You'll usually find a hairdryer in every hotel room or cabin on a ship. If you really want to bring an electrical device, you'll need to figure out the voltage requirements. If it is a dual voltage device, then all you need is a plug adapter. If not - like most hair dryers, curling irons etc. - then you would need a voltage converter in addition to the adapter plug. Just know, I've seen hair dryers that were plugged into pretty decent voltage converters and still burned up.
These items use circuit boards and chips, the most common being;
- A laptop computer, tablet, e-reader etc.
- Smartphone or MP3 player
- Battery chargers
For all your electronic devices you'll find that most of them will work at any voltage and all you need is an adapter plug. Adapters are inexpensive and are often sold in kits. You don't need a kit with a transformer and every adapter for international travel. These tend to be an expensive waste of money.
For most of Europe, you'll use a Euro style adapter that is simply two round prongs. If you're going to the UK or Northern Ireland, you'll want to have a Great Britain style three-prong adapter.